On September 15, 2021, Provisional Presidential Legislative Decree No. 1/21, suspending import taxes and tariffs on certain goods defined as essential and broadly consumed, entered into effect in Angola. The decree will be in force for 70 days. (Decreto Legislativo Presidencial Provisório No. 1/21, de 14 de Setembro.) The goods eligible for suspension of import taxes and tariffs are rice, pork meat, beef jerky, chicken thighs, corn grain, powdered milk, and cooking oil. (Decree art. 2.)
As stated in the decree, the suspension of tariffs is a measure to mitigate rising prices on these goods during the COVID-19 pandemic. The decree attributes the changes in prices to increases in international market prices and in maritime trade transportation costs.
In addition to suspending tariffs, the decree mentions two other possible measures to address the high costs of essential goods. These measures include increasing national production of essential goods and creating more effective processes for the acquisition and distribution of such commodities. (Art. 1.)
Angola’s food security has also been affected by other occurrences besides the COVID-19 pandemic. A recent news report from the U.N. World Food Programme details how the southwest of Angola is currently facing its worst drought in 40 years, which has led to significant crop loss and food insecurity. An estimated 1.3 million people in three provinces are facing severe hunger because of the drought.
Prepared by Elizabeth Marin, Law Library intern, under the supervision of Eduardo Soares, Senior Foreign Law Specialist